What is the Sargasso Sea?

Bermuda and its surrounding waters lie within the Sargasso Sea, an enormous mass of water that is driven in a clockwise direction by strong ocean currents.

Floating on its surface are large mats of unique seaweed known as Sargassum, which support a unique variety of marine life. Many of Bermuda's 4500 marine species are found within the Sargasso.

Scientists have even documented that eel species from European and North American rivers migrate here to spawn.

Recent research has found that the Sargasso Sea serves as a critical birthing ground for some shark species, as well as a nursery for our turtles. Some of the marine species relying on the unique Sargasso Sea habitat have evolved specific shapes and colour patterns that camouflage them among the Sargassum.

Why should we protect it?

Given this highly productive ecosystem within the Sargasso Sea, scientists, the Bermuda Government, local residents and others are concerned about protecting this area from emerging threats, such as proposals to harvest Sargassum for biofuel and threats from Asian fishing vessels, which are reputed to be fishing in areas within Bermuda waters but too far offshore for us to police using present capabilities.

Local fishermen have reportedly caught Wahoo with Asian-style hooks in their mouths, while a distinctive style of fishing net not used by local fishermen has washed up on Bermuda's shores, indicating that illegal fishing is taking place in the Sargasso.

Protecting the Sargasso Sea would not only be a win for Bermuda environmentally but a win for the country and our tourism product.

Imagine being able to market an "island in the middle of one of the world's biggest marine parks". Just as Australia has the Great Barrier Reef, we would have the Sargasso for Bermuda the "Golden Rainforest" of the Ocean with our Island surrounded by a protected "Halo" of unique marine life.

Bermuda could market itself distinctly from Caribbean destinations, enhancing our diving product and eco-tourism.

Declaring the Sargasso Sea a marine reserve would put Bermuda in international headlines as the "Jewel of the Atlantic" she truly is the kind of marketing and publicity that cannot be bought.

America promotes its wildlife parks from Yellowstone to Yosemite, which are featured regularly on BBC and National Geographic television programmes and in documentary films.

Again, this kind of promotion would truly help Bermuda's international image, tourist product and allow us to be seen as a world leader in global ocean conservation. This is something we can all be proud of, as well as be a fresh start and a rebrand for Bermuda internationally.

What next?

The size of the Sargasso Sea varies with ocean currents and temperature but is generally estimated at 2 million square kilometers not all of this can be protected but the Bermuda Government, the international Sargasso Sea Alliance and BASS is committed to having protection in place for part of it. Also under consideration is a unique Bermudian contribution of setting aside part of our national waters our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as a marine reserve.

We currently use less than 10 percent of our EEZ for commercial fishing and recreation and, therefore, could establish a significant reserve without adversely affecting Bermuda's fisherman, businesses, tourists or residents.

Historically, those who fish beside ocean reserves enjoy higher catches so the only fisherman affected would be those fishing in our waters illegally some 100-200 miles away.

If we make this commitment to protecting our marine treasures, this would be a reason to be proud, to stand tall and to take the lead in the international community.

The Bermuda Government has committed to both preservation projects. The next stage will see Greenrock and other environmental groups looking for the people of Bermuda's support so we can send a clear message that we want a national marine reserve hopefully by the end of the year and that we support the larger marine protected area in the Sargasso Sea.

We need to talk about the issues raised so we can make sure the public and all other stakeholders are in agreement about creating this reserve.

This is a once in a lifetime opportunity for Bermudians to protect our surroundings for our children.

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About Greenrock

According to The Footprint Network, which measures the ability of the planet to produce resources and absorb waste, our resource use and waste production is 60% more than the earth can produce or absorb annually.

This overshoot is the result of decisions that we each make every day. We seek to generate debate and to influence people to change their behaviour.We strive to be catalysts: Success for us is when we can Change the Mindset so that sustainable use of resources is included in decision-making for individuals, government or businesses. ... read more


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